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A Calculation of Geodesics in Flat Robertson-Walker Space and its Folding

A. E. El-Ahmady, A. S. Al-Luhaybi


Our aim in the present article is to introduce and study new types of retractions of flat Robertson-Walker space. Types of the deformation retracts of flat Robertson-Walker space are presented. The relations between the folding and the deformation retract of flat Robertson-Walker space are deduced .Types of minimal retractions of flat Robertson-Walker space are also presented. Also, the isometric and topological folding in each case and the relation between the deformation retracts after and before folding have been obtained. The connection between isocurvature folding and tangent spaces are obtained. New types of homotopy maps are deduced


Retractions, Deformation retract.

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