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The Migration Dimension of the Sustainability in a Country: A DEA Environmental Economic Model

R. Lima


The main goal of this work is to present a possibility to evaluate the performance of a sample of countries in the South-Eastern European area related on the main important directions of sustainable development: migration and its impact. The paper used a Data Envelopment Analysis method for investigating the efficiency levels of sustainable development in the selected group of countries for the years 2013-2060. These efficiency levels depend on each country’s specific conditions in migration management using two indicators correlated to economic and environmental features of migration. The application of the method led to obtaining an efficiency frontier, and the possibility of ranking the countries in accordance with their relative scores of sustainable performance. The results highlight that Austria and Italy would not register enough efficiency in using its economic, social and ecological resources, since consistent possibilities to improve the sustainable performance existed.


Sustainable Development; Sustainable Performance; Pension Expenditure; Ecological Footprint; DEA Window Analysis; Malmquist Index.

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